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All you need to know about hormone replacement therapy

Growing older, our bodies are constantly going through changes, and most of those changes are detrimental and dangerous.

Our bones are weaker than before, our muscles less stronger than they were while we were young and active, and even our brains become slower and slower. However, some changes are specific for a particular gender, and women experience an inconvenient and unpleasant “evolutionary phase” once they reach the age of 50 or so.

This “phase” is called menopause, and the average age at which women begin to notice the symptoms of this condition is 52.

Of course, not all women are the same, so some of them experience menopause at an earlier age, with 45 or so, and some take more time, so their symptoms appear as late as 55.

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What is menopause

Menopause is a condition that is well-known in our medical circles, but also in the general knowledge of the population. Almost everyone has heard of hot flashes and mood swings that accompany this health issue, and there is no stigma when talking about this problem (as there is with some other health conditions).

Other symptoms of menopause include vaginal dryness and loss of sex drive, and all of this happens because ovaries stop producing eggs every four weeks. Once the reproductive role of ovaries is finished, women no longer have periods, and this causes a whole series of side-effects and consequences.

Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones that are responsible for the regulation of all the processes that happen in the woman’s reproductive system, and during menopause, these hormones change their role, or they seize to appear completely.

However, they have other roles in the human body, and that is why Hormone Replacement Therapy is necessary. This treatment can replace those lacking hormones with artificial ones, and this can reduce or entirely remove some of the symptoms that come with the menopause.

Estrogen is in charge of releasing the eggs from the ovaries while progesterone prepares the womb for pregnancy.

Hormone replacement therapy

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) can help patients with facilitating various symptoms of menopause, predominantly hot flashes, mood swings, and vaginal dryness. This treatment has a relatively long history and the first known traces of this therapy go back to the 1940s.

However, during the 1960s, Hormone Replacement Therapy became the norm, and ladies from all over the world could avoid the problems that came with age. But, during the 1990s, several research studies have found that HRT can cause unwanted and even dangerous consequences, which caused a major drop when it comes to the use of this treatment.

Even today, some doctors are still confused by conflicting research, and patients are often the “victims” of this uncertainty.

skin-patchIn recent years, more and more benefits of using HRT are discovered, and this treatment can be taken in various forms: as a cream or gel, in the form of tablets, as a skin patch, or as an implant. Factors such as age, medical history, personal preferences, or just the type of the menopause will determine the appropriate form of the therapy, and the symptoms of the menopause could be significantly less problematic.


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